Crohn’s disease is characterized by inflammation of the stomach lining (mucosa), whereas ulcerative colitis is marked by chronic inflammation and ulceration of the superficial lining of the large intestine (colon) and rectum.
Both Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are characterized by the following signs and symptoms. Let’s explore each of these signs and symptoms and find out where you can get high-quality IBD treatment in Carlisle, Pennsylvania.
Abdominal Pain and Cramping
Abdominal pain and cramping are common symptoms of irritable bowel disease. These could be due to the different mechanisms associated with the condition: partial blockage, intestinal swelling, and inflammation.
Some people living with IBD experience gut distention (accumulation of air or fluid in the abdomen), which causes expansion and pressure and leads to pain.
When you have Crohn’s and ulcerative colitis, your immune system produces an inflammatory response when it mistakes food, good gut bacteria, and the cells that line your colon for intruders and attacks them. In both conditions, the white blood cells that are supposed to protect you attack the lining of your colon instead, and this results in ulcers, and consequently, bloody stools.
The inflammation in both conditions renders the intestine unable to absorb all the nutrients and fluid, resulting in loose and watery stools—or even entirely liquid—and more frequent bowel movements.
Fatigue is a feeling of extreme physical exhaustion and may occur due to anemia, a condition in which you lack healthy red blood cells –the cells that transport oxygen. When your cells are unable to receive enough oxygen, you will feel tired and weak even with adequate sleep. Fatigue can also stem from inflammation associated with IBD.
Fatigue is prevalent in people with irritable bowel disease than those without, occurring in almost 50 percent of patients with IBD.
Oral ulcers can occur in people who have irritable bowel disease because of the inflammation the disease causes. Additionally, malnutrition can cause vitamin deficiency, which is also a culprit in oral ulcers.
Lack of Appetite
The symptoms of irritable bowel disease, such as bloating and diarrhea, may interfere with your appetite. Some people develop oral ulcers, which also interfere with their ability to eat comfortably. The lack of energy you feel due to IBD could also impact your appetite.
Unintended Weight Loss
The symptoms of IBD can cause you to lose weight unintentionally: loss of appetite and avoiding certain foods to prevent a flareup can both contribute to weight loss.
IBD Treatment in Carlisle, PA
If you have most of the symptoms mentioned above, it’s in your best interest to contact us at Carlisle Digestive Disease Associates, serving Carlisle and the surrounding Pennsylvania area, today for an appointment. We have board-certified gastroenterologists who are the experts that you need to accurately diagnose and help you effectively manage your condition.
To book an appointment with one of our gastroenterologists, please call us at (717) 245-2228 or use our appointment request form. We look forward to serving you!